Four Purusharthas in Hinduism

The people have different types of desires and goals, Hinduism describes it in four Purusharthas. They keep laboring hard to achieve their desires (Purusharthas). Sometimes people cannot differentiate between desires and real goals. All people do not have known what to do and what not to do with their desires and goals. So they puzzle in their life due to ignorance Desire with a blind mind may create a sin. Greed and desire are said to be the root of all sins. So, Hindu and yoga philosophy has given a proper guideline for legitimate goals. This is a Vedic philosophy which has elaborated four aims (Purusharthas). The four aims (Purusharthas) are common for entire human beings of the world. The aims are Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Mokshya. In Sanskrit, they are referred as “four Purusharthas” four courage of life. These are not important only as an individual quality or need; but they are equally important to flourish one’s potentialities allowing living happier, healthier and fulfilled life. It is the foundation to grow and uplift spiritually.

Dharma (Duty)

First Purushartha is known as Dharma has very vast and a multitude of meanings.  The normal translating words, for ‘Dharma’, are religion, truth, righteousness, wholesomeness etc. These all meaning coincides moral and spiritual duty. Each and every activity of people should be non-harming, non-irritating for other. The work, duty or activities which are favorable for one-self and other is said as Dharma. People mistakenly believe that they should do spiritual work, prayer, worship etc to do dharma. This has resulted in suffering. Some think theists perform dharma but an atheist cannot. It is not a correct concept. The so-called theist, if does harmful deeds; it would be against dharma. Whether you believe in god or not, but out action of body, mind, and speech should be directed towards the welfare of all. It is the activity which is justice for self and other. It seeks the justice. Dharma has both gross and subtle meanings. For the inner world of an individual, the word ‘Dharma’ gives subjective meaning. It may differ from one person to another person. It also differs from one situation to another situation. However, it seeks to be true to the self and other.

Dharma is a law of Nature. For example, Sun shines, planets revolve around the sun. It is much more than religion. It has nothing to give and take from the narrow religious idea, faith. In fact, Dharma is free from religious doctrine. Dharma cannot be imprisoned within the theory of religion. To walk on the path of Dharma is doing what ought to be done. The law of nature always gives a positive result. It seeks the sustainable and true benefits of all.  Dharma takes people at the top when followed properly.

Artha (Worldly gain)

It does not mean that people have to earn a lot of wealth. It means to earn in a systematic and right way. It suggests to be prosperous but keeping the dharma in mind. Prosperity is essential to lead a happy life. Earning in a wrong way is not a proper duty.  The householders need to earn for the livelihood of all family members and whoever are dependent on them. If they earn in excess amount their duty is to donate to the needy people. It is a good rule that a person has to donate the one-tenth portion of his earning. They have to maintain a progressive status to improve both dharma and artha simultaneously.  The word ‘artha’ also gives the meaning earthly recognition. The prestige, name, fame, sound relation in the society etc are the earthly gain.

Another important worldly gain is good health. Unless one is healthy, he cannot achieve the goals of life. Being healthy all the time is itself of treasure. It is the basis and foundation for performing any work.

Kama (Physical and Sensual Pleasure)

Hindu philosophy also includes the worldly pleasures, including sexuality, love, marriage, arts, music, food, etc during the second stage of life. It includes innate urge as well in order to attain one’s ambition.  Achievement of these aspirations is linked with Kama. It is the lord of desire to enjoy the life in the fullest extent. Kama also refers the relationship with the higher concept of beauty through artistic expression. However, during the achievements, one should sincerely observe the dharma. Anything which is acquired in absence of Dharma, will take towards misery.

Most of the people perceive Kama as a sexual pleasure. However, it has a broader meaning. Actually, anything that brings joy and pleasure in our life is Kama. If one completely tuned at present, live in present, then he acquires real pleasure.  At the highest stage of Kama, we connect to our higher self or divinity.  It is a conscious stage at the present moment.

Moksha (Liberation or Enlightenment)

At the fourth stage of life, after having all the experience of the world, human have to strive for liberation. Fixing dharma as a basis, if one has achieved the first three Purusharthas, gradually a time appears when one surpasses them. If Artha and Kama are based on Dharma, then attaining the final aim i.e. moksha will be easier. As one goes through the first three goals, he will realize that there is no permanent happiness in them. So, he feels that source of eternal peace and joyfulness should be sought.   But, if there is not a good foundation, then moksha is impossible. Actually, Mokshya is the liberation of freedom from the recurring births into the body after destructing all the karmas. It requires a higher level of wisdom and self-realization. It is the realization of highest truth.

These four aims (Purusharthas) are incomparable to each other. Each of them has its own importance. Each helps other to reach the final destiny. They are like the legs of a chair, all are equally important for the existence of chair. They are the pillars of a fulfilling life. They interweave each other. However, first three Purusharthas are the gear to approach the fourth. When the people start striving towards these Purusharthas, life becomes happier and easier.  The life will be incomplete without achievement of these Purusharthas. The success of life is hidden on the achievement of the four aims.

Quotes on Yoga

Some Quotes on Yoga by different peoples

The article contains 38 amazing Quotes on yoga given by different yogis.

  1. The state of being equanimous i.e. evenness of mind in all dualities like success and failure; hot and cold; loss and gain etc. is called Yoga. – Bhagawat Geeta.
  2. Yoga is the cessation of thought of mind. – Patanjali
  3. Yoga is the science to be in the here and now. – Osho
  4. Yoga means now you are ready not to move into the future. – Osho
  5. Yoga means to encounter the reality as it is. – Osho
  6. Yoga means that now there is no hope, now there is no future, now there are no desires. One is ready to know what is. One is not interested in what can be, what should be, what ought to be. – Osho
  7. Meditation brings wisdom; lack of meditation leaves ignorance. Know well what leads you forward and what holds you back, and choose the path that leads to wisdom.” – Buddha
  8. The whole secret of existence is to have no fear. Never fear what will become of you, depend on no one. Only the moment you reject all help are you freed.” – Buddha
  9. “All wrong-doing arises because of mind. If the mind is transformed can wrong-doing remain? – Buddha
  10. “The secret of health for both mind and body is not to mourn for the past, worry about the future, or anticipate troubles, but to live in the present moment wisely and earnestly. ” – Buddha
  11. “The very heart of yoga practice is ‘abyhasa’ – steady effort in the direction you want to go.” – Sally Kempton
  12. “Yoga means addition – addition of energy, strength, and beauty to body, mind, and soul.” – Amit Ray
  13. True meditation is about being fully present with everything that is–including discomfort and challenges. It is not an escape from life.” – Craig Hamilton
  14. “Yoga is not just repetition of few postures – it is more about the exploration and discovery of the subtle energies of life.” – Amit Ray
  15. Yoga is the journey of the self, through the self, to the self.” – The Bhagavad Gita
  16. “When you listen to yourself, everything comes naturally. It comes from inside, like a kind of will to do something. Try to be sensitive. That is yoga.”– Petri Räisänen
  17. “Although yoga has its origins in ancient India, its methods and purposes are universal, relying not on cultural background, faith or deity, but simply on the individual. Yoga has become important in the lives of many contemporary Westerners, sometimes as a way of improving health and fitness of the body, but also as a means of personal and spiritual development.”– Tara Fraser
  18. “Yoga is the perfect opportunity to be curious about who you are.” – Jason Crandell
  19. Yoga is 99% practice and 1% theory. – Sri Krishna Pattabhi Jois
  20. Yoga is the fountain of youth. You’re only as young as your spine is flexible. – Bob Harper
  21. Yoga takes you into the present moment.  The only place where life exists.” – Unknown
  22. Yoga is not about touching your toes. It is what you learn on the way down.” – Jigar Gor
  23. Yoga teaches us to cure what need not be endured and endure what cannot be cured.” – K.S Iyengar
  24. “The nature of yoga is to shine the light of awareness into the darkest corners of the body.” – Jason Crandell
  25. “Yoga does not remove us from the reality or responsibilities of everyday life but rather places our feet firmly and resolutely in the practical ground of experience. We don’t transcend our lives; we return to the life we left behind in the hopes of something better.” – Donna Farh
  26. “Doing anything with attention to how you feel is doing yoga.” – Jean Couch
  27. “Yoga allows you to find an inner peace that is not ruffled and riled by the endless stresses and struggles of life.” –K.S Iyengar
  28. “Yoga is about clearing away whatever is in us that prevents our living in the most full and whole way. With yoga, we become aware of how and where we are restricted — in body, mind, and heart — and how gradually to open and release these blockages. As these blockages are cleared, our energy is freed. We start to feel more harmonious, more at one with ourselves. Our lives begin to flow — or we begin to flow more in our lives.” – Cybele Tomlinson
  29. The study of asana is not about mastering posture.  It’s about using posture to understand and transform yourself.” –K.S Iyengar
  30. “Yoga is a way of moving into stillness in order to experience the truth of who you are.” – Erich Schiffmann
  31. “Yoga teaches you how to listen to your body.” – Mariel Hemingway
  32. “Yoga is not a religion. It is a science, science of well-being, science of youthfulness, science of integrating body, mind and soul.” ― Amit Ray, Yoga and Vipassana: An Integrated Life Style
  33. Undisturbed calmness of mind is attained by cultivating friendliness toward the happy, compassion for the unhappy, delight in the virtuous, and indifference toward the wicked.”  ― Patañjali, The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
  34. “Exercises are like prose, whereas yoga is the poetry of movements. Once you understand the grammar of yoga; you can write your poetry of movements.” ― Amit Ray, Yoga and Vipassana: An Integrated Life Style
  35. “Yoga is the art work of awareness on the canvas of body, mind, and soul.” ― Amit Ray, Yoga and Vipassana: An Integrated Life Style
  36. Yoga is the cessation of the movements of the mind. Then there is abiding in the Seer’s own form.” ― Patañjali, The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
  37. “Yoga practice can make us more and more sensitive to subtler and subtler sensations in the body. Paying attention to and staying with finer and finer sensations within the body is one of the surest ways to steady the wandering mind.” ― Ravi Ravindra, The Wisdom of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras: A New Translation and Guide by Ravi Ravindra
  38. “Crying is one of the highest devotional songs. One who knows crying, knows spiritual practice. If you can cry with a pure heart, nothing else compares to such a prayer. Crying includes all the principles of Yoga.” ― Kripalvanandji

Five Chittas of Human Consciousness

Chitta is a Sanskrit as well as Pali language word which means the consciousness of the human mind. In the famous book of Patanjali Yoga Sutra, he describes Chitta in detail. We can find the word Chitta is Buddhist literature too but we are focusing this article what Patanjali describes in his book of yoga. The most beautiful exposition of Yoga Sutra can be found in Vyasa’s writing. He has described five types of Chitta and their nature as Patanjali wrote. Vyasa has made Yoga Sutra very simple to understand.

The meaning of Chitta is the mind or our heart or the emotional part of our self which can affect all our activities of daily life. Chitta can lead us in the direction of its nature. There are five states of our chitta. We can upgrade our state of Chitta by regular practice of yoga. Yoga can neutralize our Chitta and maintain the peace of mind. Patanjali focuses on removing the Brittis (the fluctuation of the mind) of Chitta. The five types of Chittas are as follows:

Kshipta (Distracted)

Mudha (Dull)

Bikshipta (Partially Concentrated)

Ekagra (One Pointed)

Niruddha (Controlled)

1. Kshipta (Distracted)

Kshipta is the state of mind where most of the people are standing, most of the time. In general, people are in this state with the fluctuation of the mind. In the waking time we are in this state but not in sleeping. In this state, we are in the reckless situation. Our mind fluctuates with thoughts and feelings. This state is led by the Rajas Guna. In this state, people run for the materialistic gain. They want to work more and more for their growth. The chain of our desire never ends and we can’t come out from this state without great commitment. They indulge in love and hate. They have the ambition to achieve something in their life. They want to show to the people who he or she is.

Attachment and selfishness lead us to this state of mind. This is the agitated state of the mind. The mind can’t stay in one place and it scatters around different affairs of our life. We have to practice to be one-minded to get rid of this state. The regular practice of yoga can bring us one-mindedness.

2. Mudha (Dull)

Mudha is the lowest state of our consciousness of the mind. This state of our mind leads us to the dullness, laziness, delusion, fear, and sleepiness. Lust, greed and other many negative feelings can cause this kind of state of mind. This is the state; one doesn’t want to work anymore. The person in this state has the bad habits and he or she can’t think what is wrong and what is right. The restless mind brings us in this state. This state of the mind is led by the Tama Guna. This kind of mind is not alert to anything.

In this state of the mind, we can’t perform any creative activities because the mind becomes lethargic. Sometimes our mind can’t decide what to do and can’t think anymore. In that state of mind, we can be in the Mudha state. This kind of state of mind can lead us to the depression if we are in this state for the long period of time. This kind of mind is bad for anyone and we have to come out of this mind as soon as possible. In yogic practice, we can find the way to be free from this state of mind.

3. Bikshipta (Partially concentrated)

This is the state of our mind, sometimes concentrated and sometimes distracted. In the search for spirituality, we want to become one-minded but our mind cannot be still. This is the mid-state in the quest for higher achievement. We are led by the Sattva Guna sometimes and sometimes we cannot be in sattva guna. We can be in the rajas and tamas sometimes.

In this state, our mind cannot focus continuously on the spiritual path. In the concentration, we can be distracted and we have to bring our awareness again. It is not negative but we have to come out from distraction to the concentration again and again. We have to determine to continue the spiritual path at any cost. We should have firm determination to continue our spiritual path despite the distraction. We don’t have to be affected by any kinds of fluctuation of our mind.

4. Ekagra (One Pointed)

In the path of spirituality when we can focus on the meditation only, we can be in the Ekagra (Partially concentrated) state. This is the state of one-mindedness in our goal. If we cross the Bikshipta state, we can be in this state. It is the higher state of the spiritual path but not the highest state. We have to continue to practice our task in this state even we get the hints of our successful ascendance.

Ekagra Chitta is led by the Satva Gun. When the detachment increases with worldly affairs in our practice of yoga, we can realize that we are in the Ekagra state. Yogis are in this state and this can be said the Short-term Samadhi, lower Samadhi. Yogis can stay in one place without eating anything in the meditation. They get the wisdom inside.

5. Niruddha

 Niruddha is the state of our mind which is the highest. In this state, the yogis are in the state of beyond three Gunas. This is the state of higher Samadhi or the state of Kaibalya, as many Hindu scriptures mentioned. The perfected yogi only can be in this state. In this state, yogi gets the liberation.

This is the state of complete control of the mind in the hand of Yogi. Yogi can lead his thoughts and feelings what he wants. He doesn’t become a slave to the thoughts rather than the yogi can control all the thoughts and feelings. Now, he needs nothing but he does everything as usual. No task is become compelled for him to do. He never affects the outside situation of this world. He doesn’t walk by the ego, his ego totally dissolves and he gets the supreme state. In this state, all the Brittis of Chitta can be controlled by the yogis. All three Gunas are balanced and yogi becomes more than Gunas.

In this way, we can say that the Niruddha Chitta is the higher state of our mind. To get this state, we have to practice yoga continuously. When we can omit all the Brittis of our Chitta, our goal of spirituality can be achieved. Without removing all the fluctuations of our mind, we can’t achieve the Niruddha state of Chitta. This may take a long period of time; we should continue our journey without rushing. We have to be happy in the process of our journey.

Pranic Healing

Our body is balanced by the energy which it has. If the energy becomes less than necessary for our body, our body starts to be sick. If we can heal by sending energy into our body, we can definitely become healthy again. This kind of healing system is called pranic healing. Prana means life force in the Sanskrit language which is the energy of our body that we cannot see but that force of life has the important role in our life. This energy vitalizes our body. Pranic healing system has been founded by the Grand Master Choa Kok Sui form the Philippines, Chinese descendant.

It is believed that our body has the power to heal every disease if it can receive the power of the divine. If some master sends the energy to our body without touching our body, our body starts to receive that and begins to work for healing. Our body has the bio-energy and that can be found all around us everywhere. This is the energy which can give us the life force to live. The life force is the force which can help us to be healthy without any side effect.

We are surrounded by the life energy. All there is energy throughout the world but we cannot receive the energy because our body is blockaded by the different things. If someone sends us the energy, we can get the energy by the person’s force or effort. Prana balances the energy of our body. It harmonizes our aura of the body by transferring the energy in our body. In most of the old tradition, there can be seen some kind of healing techniques through the energy. We all have the energy field around our body. If our energy field becomes negative, we become ill. If we can make the energy field positive, we can be healthy again. We have our energy body also with our physical body, which cannot be seen. That energy body can affect our physical body. Yoga, pranayama, and meditation can purify our energy body likewise pranic healing cleanses our negative energy from our energy body and helps us to be completely healthy naturally.

Pranic healing is the part of spiritual healing. If we go through the way of spiritual power, healing is also a part of that force. When we attain enlightenment, we can achieve many types of perfection in several fields. The perfect yogi can heal the diseases of the human body. Pranic healing is also a part of natural healing. In natural healing, we don’t use any medicine to heal diseases. Yoga therapy, mud therapy, water therapy, spiritual therapy and pranic therapy etc are included in the category of natural healing. Natural and spiritual healing was very famous in the ancient time but Grand Master Choa Kok Sui developed this newly formed special pranic healing in the modern age and he taught how to heal the human body to his disciples and this therapy begun to be spread.

In pranic healing, the healer harmonizes the energy of the sick person. He balances all the energy and aura of the sick people. We become sick by the lack of energy in our spiritual body, if we can send the energy to that gap of the energy, we can completely be healed. Science also defines that the energy cannot be created nor destroyed but it can be transferred one form to another. So, the healer should be powerful by his or her spiritual level to be a good healer.

When the bad energy becomes powerful in our spiritual body, we become seek. If we can replace that negative energy by the positive energy, our body itself heals our body. So, the healer should be more powerful to send the positive power to the sick people.

The negative energy can create mental and physical sickness in our body. Bad energy can create the problem in the relationship with our partner and friends. If we can be positive energy with us, we can be free from all kinds of problems in our life. Pranic healing is not only the healing of the sickness but it can change our lifestyle and thinking pattern. We can learn how to make our aura positive. How aura can play the role in our body to be healthy and happy.

As we all know that our body has seven chakras, the centers of the energy flow. Our chakras can take the energy both positive and negative. So, if chakras become negative, we can be ill. The illness depends upon which chakra becomes negative. If we heal by sending the healing energy to our body, our particular chakra receives that healing energy and helps to heal the disease we have.

Prana is the factor that can differentiate between living and non-living body. There is the prana in our body until it is living and the prana comes out from the body when we die. So, the energy has the great role to keep the person alive. If the prana receives the positive energy, we become so active and healthy but if the prana takes negative energy in it, our body starts to show the symptoms of the diseases.

Prana is the vital part of our body so we have to make it live and positive. Parna itself is the neutral force but if our surrounding aura is negative, the prana also becomes negative to deal with our body. So, we have to be careful to make our aura positive. If we become ill, we can be healed by the pranic healing.

There is a saying that prevention is better than cure. Now, we know the energy system of our body and we can make our aura positive by doing yoga, pranayama, and meditation. We can make our aura positive by thinking positive, being optimistic and being thankfulness to the situation of our life. We can be grateful to the people who are with us and help us to go ahead.

There are different healing therapies in the world. Among them, this pranic healing is also the part of spiritual and natural therapy. prana is the living force of our body, and without prana, our body can’t be lived. So, we have to think about the prana. We have to make our prana clean to be happy and healthy, to be free from the mental and physical diseases.

अष्टाङ्ग योग–पतञ्जली योग दर्शन

अष्टाङ्ग योग का सम्बन्धमा लेखिएको पहिलो आधिकारिक ग्रन्थ पतञ्जली योग-सुत्र हो । योगश्चित्तबृत्ति निरोध भनेर यसमा योगलाई चित्तबृत्तिबाट निरोधको अवस्था भनेको छ । अष्टाङ्ग योग का बिभिन्न आठ चरण पार गरेर त्यो अवस्था हासिल गर्न सकिन्छ भन्ने बैज्ञानिक ब्याख्या छ त्यहाॅ ।

१. यम: अष्टाङ्ग योग पहिलो चरण 

अष्टाङ्ग योग को पहिलो पाइला यम हो । यम भनेको नैतिकता हो । आफुलाई नैतिक बलमा जागृत बनाउनु यसको उद्देश्य हो । नैतिकता सफल जीवनको पहिलो आधार हो । त्यसैले पतञ्जलीले यसलाई सुरूमा नै राख्नुभयो । नैतिकताको अभ्यासबाट नै योगको बाटो सुरू हुन्छ ।
बैज्ञानिकहरूले पनि नैतिकवान ब्यक्तिलाई कम मानसिक समस्या हुने कुरा प्रमाणित गरेका छन् । सफलताको नियमको आधार पनि नैतिकता नै हो । पतञ्जलीले नैतिकतालाई पनि बिभिन्न पाॅच भागमा बिभाजन गरेका छन् । ती निम्न छन्:

1 अहिंसा
2 सत्य
3 अस्तेय
4 ब्रम्हचर्य
5 अपरिग्रह

● अहिंसा

हिंसा तीन प्रकारका हुन्छन्
♢ कायीक: भौतिक शरीरद्वारा अरूलाई चोट पु-याउनु ।
♢ बाचिक: बोलेर अरूलाई चोट पु-याउनु ।
♢ मानसिक: कसैको बारेमा अहित सोच्नु या अरूलाई चोट परोस् भनेर कामना गर्नु ।
यी तीनै हिंसा नगर्नु अहिंसा हो । बुद्धको मुख्य उपदेश पनि यही हो । अरूलाई चोट पु-याउने उद्देश्यले कुनै कार्य गर्नु हुॅदैन । यदि नजानेर चोट पुगेको छ भने माफी माग्नुपर्छ । यदि सीधै गएर माफी माग्न गाह्रो हुन्छ भने मनमनमा माफी माग्नुपर्छ ।
अहिले अमेरिका र युरोपलगायत बिकसित देशहरूमा एउटा नयाॅ ब्यबसायिक अभियान सुरू भएको छ । त्यो पनि अहिंसाको ब्यबहारिक प्रयोग हो । Win-win Theory. दुबै पक्षको हीतका लागि काम गर्ने । सफलताका गुरूहरूले पनि सफलताको एउटा अत्यन्तै महत्वपूर्ण पाइलाका रूपमा यो सिद्दान्तलाई लिएका छन् । अरूलाई हित गरियो भने स्वतः आफ्नो हीत हुन्छ भन्ने सिद्दान्त पश्चिमा ब्यबसायमा फस्टाउॅदै गएको छ । अरूलाई दुःख पु-याएर प्रप्त गरेको सफलता क्षणिक हुन्छ यो संसारमा पनि । त्यो कुरालाई युरोपियनले अहिले बुझ्दैछन् जुन कुरा हजारौं बर्ष पहिले पूर्बमा बिकास भएको थियो ।

● सत्य

सत्य भन्ने शब्द धेरै सुनिएको शब्द हो । तर, यसको अर्थमा भने अलि स्पष्ट नभएझैं लाग्छ । सत्य आफुप्रतिको इमान्दारिता र अरूप्रतिको इमान्दारिताको जोड हो । सत्यले सॅधै खुसी ल्याउॅछ यदी ल्याएन भने त्यहाॅ कतै गडबड छ भन्ने बुझ्नुपर्छ । गान्धीले सत्यमा रहेर अहिंसात्मक आन्दोलन चलाए । मार्टिन लुथर किंग र नेल्सन मण्डेलाले पनि सत्यको ब्यबहारिक प्रयोग गरे ।
हाम्रो जीवनमा सत्यको ठूलो महत्व छ । सत्यमा अडिग रहने मान्छे स्वाभिमानी हुन्छ । सत्य जीवनको पहिलो आधार हो भन्ने कुरा संसारका धनी ब्यक्तिहरूको जीवनी पढेर प्रष्ट हुन सकिन्छ ।
यदी हामी अरूसॅग सत्य देखिन खोज्ने र आफुभित्र सत्यता नहुने हो भने त्यस्तो अवस्था देखावटी हुन सक्छ ।

● अस्तेय

चोरी नगर्नु तथा चोरी गर्ने प्रबृत्तिको नहुनु नै अस्तेय हो ।

● ब्रह्मचर्य

ब्रह्मचर्यका दुई पाटा छन्
♢ ब्रह्म ज्ञानमा आफुलाई लगाउनु । ब्रह्म ज्ञानप्रतिको चासो हुनु ।
♢ ईन्द्रियजनित अथवा ईन्द्रियबाट प्राप्त हुने क्षणिक सुखलाई नियन्त्रण गर्नु वा त्यसलाई बुझेर त्यतातिरको ध्यान कम गर्नु ।

● अपरिग्रह

आफुलाई आवस्यक पर्ने कुराहरूको मात्र संकलन गर्नु । कुरा आवस्यक नै छैन भने त्यसको संग्रह गर्नु ठीक होइन । एक भए पुग्छ भने दुई चाॅहिदैन । दुई भए पुग्छ भने तीन चाॅहिदैन । तीन भए पुग्छ भने चार चाॅहिदैन । अरूको सामानको ईच्छा नगर्नु पनि अपरिग्रह हो । आफुसॅग जे छ त्यसमा सन्तुष्ट हुन सक्नु र आफुसॅग छ भन्दैमा अनावश्यक सामानहरूको संग्रह नगर्नु नै अपरिग्रह हो । आफुसॅग बढी भएको कुरा अरू कसैसॅग छैन भने त्यो अरूलाई दिनु पनि हाम्रो कर्तब्य हो ।

२. नियम : अष्टाङ्ग योग दोश्रो चरण

पतञ्जली योगसूत्रको दोस्रो सूत्र हो नियम । यम भनेको सामाजिक नैतिकता हो भने नियम भनेको व्यक्तिगत नैतिकता हो । यसअन्तर्गत पाॅचवटा नियम पर्दछन् ।
(क) शौच – शरीर र मन की शुद्धि नै शौच हो ।
(ख) संतोष – सन्तुष्ट र प्रसन्न रहनु नै सन्तोष हो ।
(ग) तप – स्वयंलाई आत्मानुशासनमा राख्नु नै तप हो । जसरी पनि आफ्नो साधनालाई जारी राख्छु भन्ने संकल्प हो तप ।
(घ) स्वाध्याय – आत्मचिन्तन गर्नु । अध्ययन गर्नु र ज्ञान सुन्नु ।
(च) ईश्वर-प्रणिधान – ईश्वरप्रति पूर्ण समर्पण, पूर्ण श्रद्धासहित ढुक्कका साथ बाॅच्नु । ईश्वरप्रति पूर्ण बिश्वास हुनु ।

३. आसन : अष्टाङ्ग योग तेश्रो चरण

सामान्यतया हामीले योगासनलाई नै सम्पूर्ण योग ठान्छौं । तर योगाआसन योगको एउटा पाटो हो । योगले हामीलाई शारीरिक तथा मानसिक रूपमा स्वस्थ राख्छ । स्मरण शक्ति बढाउने र दिनभरि जागरूक बनाउॅछ आसनले । आसनले हामीमा आत्मबिश्वास जगाउनुका साथै स्वाभिमानी पनि बनाउॅछ ।

४. प्राणायाम : अष्टाङ्ग योग चौथो चरण

यो श्वास लिने खास तरिका हो । स्वासद्वारा हाम्रा कोषहरूमा अक्सिजन बृद्धि गरेर प्राणायामले मानसिक तथा शारीरिक रूपमा स्वस्थ बनाउॅछ । यसले शरीरका बिकार हटाएर शरीर, मन र प्राणलाई शुद्ध पार्छ ।

५. प्रत्याहार : अष्टाङ्ग योग पाचौं चरण

इन्द्रियलाई नियन्त्रण गर्नु । अरू बाहिरी आकर्षणबाट आफुलाई पर राख्नु । बाहिरी आकर्षण क्षणिक हो भन्ने बुझ्नु । चित्तलाई ईश्वर स्मरणमा लगाउने हरसम्भव प्रयास गर्नु । सानासाना लोभमा नफस्नु ।

६. धारणा : अष्टाङ्ग योग छैटौं चरण

एकाग्रचित्त हुनु । चित्तलाई एकाग्र बनाएर एउटै सहज आसनमा बस्नु । सामान्तया हामीले जसलाई ध्यान भन्छौं त्यो धारणा हो । योग गुरूहरूले सिकाउने ध्यान नै धारणा भनेर बुझ्नुपर्छ । ध्यान त सिकाउनै मिल्दैन त्यो घट्ने कुरा हो ।

७. ध्यान : अष्टाङ्ग योग सातौं चरण

धारणामा आफुलाई स्थीर गराउॅदै जाॅदा ध्यान घट्छ । ध्यान घट्दा हामीलाई चरम आनन्दको अनुभूति हुन्छ । ध्यान घटिसकेपछि हामी निरन्तर रूपमा अगाडि बढ्नुपर्छ । ध्यान घटेपछि साधकलाई अध्यात्मको रस लाग्न सुरू गर्छ र उसले त्योभन्दा आनन्दको क्षण अरू कुनै पनि अनुअव गरेको हुॅदैन । त्यसपछि सबै शास्त्र ठीक रहेछन् भन्ने महसुस गर्न थाल्छ । उसको आॅखाको हेराइमा अनौठो परिवर्तन हुन्छ । आफु र अरूमा उसले फरक देख्दैन । हरेक घटनामा धन्यबादी हुन्छ । जीवनलाई उत्सव ठानेर बाॅच्छ । जीवनको सार्थकता अनुभूति गर्छ ।

८. समाधि : अष्टाङ्ग योग आठौं चरण

आत्मासॅग जोडिनु । शब्दले ब्याख्या गर्न नसकिने परम-चैतन्यको अवस्था हो यो । समाधी दुई किसिमका हुन्छन् ।
क) सबिकल्प समाधि: केही समयका लागि समाधिमा जाने र फेरि समाधिबाट बाहिर आउने अवस्था हो यो ।
ख) निर्बिकल्प समाधि: निरन्तर समाधिमा स्थित रहने अवस्था ।

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